The last group discussed at SOFA is that of agreements concluded as exclusive executive agreements without specific activity or exercise. These agreements contain a broad language of applicability. Some of the agreements apply to U.S. personnel “present” in a country, others apply to U.S. personnel “temporarily present” in a country. In addition to time constraints, most agreements contain a language that attempts to frame the scope of action. The activities described can be as broad as “official tasks” or specific to a specific activity class (. B, for example, humanitarian activities, exercises and/or training). The United States is currently involved in more than 100 agreements that can be considered SOFS.3 While a SOFA may not exist as an autonomous document with a given country, this does not necessarily mean that the status of U.S. personnel has not been processed in that country. The terms commonly included in SOF may be included in other agreements with a partner country and a separate CANAPÉ is not used. As contracts, SOFAs can be modified or revoked. Between March 2003 and August 2010, the United States participated in military operations in Iraq to first remove Saddam Hussein`s regime from power, then fight the remnants of the former regime and other threats to the stability of Iraq and its government after Saddam.
In late 2007, the United States and Iraq signed a Declaration of Principles for Long-Term Cooperation and Friendship between the Republic of Iraq and the United States of America.111 The Strategic Agreement under the Declaration is expected to ultimately replace the mandate of the United Nations, After the United States and Allied forces are responsible for their contribution to Iraq`s security, which ended on December 31, 2008.112 The declaration was rooted in a communiqué dated August 26, 2007, signed by five political leaders in Iraq, calling for long-term relations with the United States. In accordance with the declaration, the parties pledged to “start as soon as possible with the aim of reaching agreements between the two governments on political, cultural, economic and security issues by 31 July 2008.” 113 The declaration explained, among other things, the intention of the parties to negotiate a security agreement: in 1947, the United States and the Republic of the Philippines entered into a military assistance agreement.99 The agreement was concluded for a period of five years from 4 July 1946 and provided that the United States would provide the Philippines with military assistance for the training and development of the armed forces. The agreement also established an advisory group of advice and assistance in the Philippines, approved by the US Congress100. Troops in Romania (agreement before Romania`s accession to NATO) The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States of America and Japan80 was concluded in 1960, then amended on December 26, 1990.81 Under Article VI of the Treaty, the United States “the use of facilities and territories in Japan by its countries, Article VI of Article 82 also provides that the use of facilities and the status of the U.S. armed forces are governed by a separate agreement,83, in accordance with the previous security treaty of 1952. The problem most often addressed in a sofa is the legal protection against lawsuits granted to American personnel while they are present in a foreign country. The agreement defines the contracting party that is able to assert criminal and/or civil jurisdiction. In other words, the agreement defines how national civil and criminal laws are applied in the United States.